The sustenance which we feed to ponies needs to meet seven principal necessities. Five of these are: villoni alimentos
Vitality. It needs to give adequate vitality (calories) to meet the necessities of the pony. On the off chance that the climate ends up colder or the steed is utilized all the more effectively, the measure of sustenance should be expanded likewise. In like manner, as winter transforms into summer or if the pony is less dynamic, the measure of sustenance ought to be diminished.
Minerals and Vitamins. Beside vitality, horse feed needs to give an assortment of fundamental minerals and nutrients, in the required amounts.
Mass and High Fiber. The equine stomach related framework has advanced to process grass, which is high in fiber and mass. Nourishment which is concentrated (for example grain) may give the required vitality and minerals, yet does not have the mass which the stomach related framework needs, which significantly expands the danger of ulcers and different infections. Concentrates on ponies which an eating regimen high in grain or other concentrated nourishments demonstrate that half to 90% of these steeds have ulcers.
Digestability. Sustenance which is ineffectively processed gives restricted nourishment esteem and can cause genuine diseases (for example impaction colic). This is a specific issue for the more established steed, where dental wear decreases his capacity to bite nourishment and maturing has diminished his capacity to process certain sustenances. See ‘Nourishing Senior Horses’ underneath for subtleties. Likewise, steeds may eat inadmissible things (for example straw) which do give sustenance esteem yet because of trouble in assimilation can likewise result in issues.
Security. Practically any sustenance, given in a mistaken amount or design, can result in medical problems. A rundown of the normal missteps to maintain a strategic distance from is given beneath.
To comprehend the other two central necessities, it serves to initially comprehend the typical eating examples of steeds. Ponies have advanced as foragers, which implies that they eat for a brief period in one spot, at that point proceed onward looking for better nourishment (for example progressively delicate or nutritious) and eat elsewhere. One regularly observes this conduct when the pony is in an expansive field, where they oftentimes move from spot to put. The purpose behind this conduct is that they developed in a scene where the nature of nourishment was variable (rather than the to a great extent uniform field which we make in our fields) so they expected to invest the majority of their energy moving and eating, as long as 18 hours out of each day. This has brought about two dietary necessities:
Ceaseless Feeding. In spite of the fact that a pony does not eat continually (for example it invests some portion of its energy moving about and different exercises), it needs to eat as often as possible. It needs at least 2-3 dinners for every day to keep its stomach related framework sound, however increasingly visit eating is best. Numerous little suppers are superior to a couple of substantial dinners. This is one reason that ponies which brush on field amid the day are commonly more advantageous than steeds which have their nourishment (for example roughage or grain) given to them a few times per day.
Incitement. A steed’s primary incitement and occupation originates from searching for sustenance and eating (common forager action). Limiting it to short and rare feedings will result in an exhausted and despondent pony, which is probably going to create pressure related practices, for example, cribbing or tedious developments.
Grass and Hay
Grass is the most characteristic nourishment for steeds, as it is the thing that they have advanced to eat. As a rule, ponies will in general be more advantageous on an eating routine which comprises mostly of grass than on some other sort of sustenance.
Roughage is the second most common sustenance, being somewhat near the dried grass which they may discover after a sweltering and dry summer, or dried winter grass. It is less nutritious than crisp grass yet great quality roughage is a valuable elective when there isn’t sufficient new grass.
There are an extensive number of noxious weeds which can be found in certain fields. Contingent upon the sort of plant eaten and the amount, the outcome can be anything from minor to deadly. A few plants can likewise cause harm the skin or hooves if the pony rolls or strolls on them. Subsequently, before putting your steed into a field, an educated individual should check the field for toxic weeds. As certain weeks are noticeable basically in spring and others principally in summer, a careful stroll through the field in any event two times every year to check for suspicious plants is fitting.
With roughage, one faces similar issues with toxic plants, if the feed is produced using a field with harmful weeds. Indeed, the circumstance with roughage is possibly increasingly hazardous since steeds will intuitively abstain from eating a significant number of the toxic plants whenever experienced in a field, yet when they are blended in with feed and dried the ponies are never again ready to distinguish and keep away from them since they have lost their unmistakable smell and appearance. Subsequently, one should take exceptional consideration that one uses feed just from a field which is sheltered or roughage that is sourced from a trust commendable source.
The other real hazard with grass is that grass which is excessively wealthy in sugars (for example spring grass) or nitrates (for example prepared field) can cause laminitis or originator. See the former connection for more data on the most proficient method to dodge this. Unreasonably rich feed may have a similar hazard, yet since roughage is set aside a few minutes of year when the grass is normally less rich, this is significantly less likely.
Another thought is the nature of the roughage. It can contain destructive shape or growth in the event that it has not been appropriately dried before being cut, or has gotten wet either preceding or in the wake of safeguarding, or has been put away in plastic sacks. Any parcels which have shape or organism ought to be tossed out as opposed to utilized. Feed can likewise be dusty, running from marginally dusty to exceptionally dusty, contingent upon the dirt and climate conditions at the time it was made, just as the manner by which it was cut/turned/baled. Exceptionally dusty roughage ought not be utilized as it can cause respiratory issues in ponies. Somewhat dusty roughage is fine, aside from steeds which are touchy to clean. One can absorb roughage water to expel the residue, yet for this situation one needs to get out uneaten feed every day to prevent the wet feed from going off. Leverage of business encourages over roughage is that all in all they are probably not going to have residue, shape or organism (except if they have been permitted to get wet because of ill-advised capacity).
Feed Cubes or Bricks
Feed solid shapes (otherwise called roughage blocks) is feed which has been cut and after that compacted into a block shape. This is a helpful method for putting away feed as it goes through less space and can shape advantageous individual bits. It tends to be more costly to purchase than baled feed and ponies with dental issues may think that its progressively hard to bite. There have been instances of steed gag detailed with roughage blocks, yet this is exceptional. Beside these distinctions, it has much indistinguishable points of interest and impediments from typical baled roughage (see above).
Roughage pellets is successfully feed which has been ground up, heat treated and changed over to pellets. It will in general be more costly than feed (halfway because of the extra preparing), but on the other hand is increasingly helpful and goes through about 33% of the space as medium-thickness feed parcels. As the pellets are adequately roughage in another structure, it has much the equivalent dietary benefit, with the exception of those brands which include minerals or nutrients.
The pellets can be eaten speedier than feed in its natural configuration, so give to some degree less occupation and incitement than natural feed. They likewise will in general separate faster in the stomach related framework, so give fairly less an incentive as far as engrossing stomach acids and ensuring against ulcers.
A typical issue with pellets is that numerous ponies will endeavor to swallow them without first appropriately biting them, bringing about the steeds gagging. In the event that your steed does this, you should absorb the pellets water for 10 minutes or so before encouraging to the steed; this makes the pellets separate into a soupy blend which the ponies can’t gag on. The favorable circumstances and weaknesses of dousing are:
Gag. Dousing the pellets keeps the steed from gagging on them.
Water Intake. This is a decent method to build your pony’s water consumption, as ponies don’t generally drink enough. Specifically, more seasoned steeds now and again don’t drink enough (despite the fact that there are a few ailments which have the contrary impact) and ponies being transported regularly don’t drink enough.
Winter Warming. Amid the winter, ponies can move toward becoming chilled (particularly old, debilitated or shaved steeds). On the off chance that there pellets are absorbed warm water (however not heated water!) this can enable them to heat up, particularly when contrasted with drinking cold water from an outside can or unheated consumer.
Chaos. Tragically, numerous steeds lift their head far from their encouraging basin while eating, and on account of drenched feed pellets this can result in them dropping a reasonable piece on the floor. Besides, on the off chance that they hurl their heads while eating (for example whenever alarmed by a commotion), it will in general outcome in the feed soup being showered on the dividers. All such chaos ought to be tidied up to avoid the development of shape or organism. Then again, one may wish to nourish them from a can outside.
Grain and Musli
Grain and musli, when obtained as business horse encourages, are high-vitality sustenances which are effectively processed. Musli is produced using a determination of smashed grains and may have minerals or nutrients included, just as sugar, fiber and filler.
An option in contrast to obtaining business horse nourishes is to purchase the grains yourself, which you can sustain either exclusively or consolidate to make a musli. For this situation, you will probably need to buy a grain smasher and put the grain through the smasher before nourishing to ponies. The explanation behind this is uncrushed grain is an extensive part undigested by the pony since a large number of the grains are gulped down (instead of bit) and opening grains just go through the stomach related framework. Most moderate-sized stables utilize this methodology since it lessens the expense of grain feed by half to 75% when contrasted with the business sacked feeds. Obviously, it ta