Aronia is an uncommon berry with a complex history. From the earliest recorded use, it was called, “pomegranate,” which was perhaps meant to imply the dark purple fruits it contained. From Greek, the pronunciation was, “ar-o-nu-sive.” This was probably due to the rosaceae family that includes such fruits as, cranberries, plums, strawberries, and blueberries. From Roman mythology, it is said that, Aronia was given to Odysseus by the nymph named Calypso.
Aronia comes in four types, blue, black, red, and orange. The cultivars differ primarily in their size, flavor, shape, and how they are harvested. They are all classified in the rosaceae family, which includes blackberries, mulberries, cranberries, bilberries, bilberry leaves, peels, plums, pluperfect, plum, raspberry, strawberry, and blueberries. Blue Aronia berries provide the most healthful aspect of the variety, with a low content of tannin. Orange Aronia berries provide the most vitamin C, and the other varieties are considered less beneficial.
Like many fruits, the seeds of Aronia contain polyphenols. Polyphenols are powerful antioxidants that potentially help protect against the formation of potentially harmful molecules called free radicals. Free radicals, by definition, are potentially harmful molecules that have been produced due to exposure to environmental factors. These molecules may have damaging effects on cell membranes and DNA strands. Antioxidants potentially combat these molecules by neutralizing the charged particles that bond with the free radicals.
In some human studies, the berries may reduce oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is known to be linked to diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease. In one study, the berries may reduce oxidative stress in human blood cells tested in culture. Oxidative stress is believed to contribute to the formation of potentially harmful superoxide free radicals in cells.
It is believed that the berries may also contain some of the same compounds as other natural antioxidants, such as vitamin c. It has been shown that the antioxidant polyphenol antioxidants of the aronia berries had similar effects to those found in vitamin c and L-carnitine. While research is still ongoing, it is currently believed that the berries may provide a great source of vitamin c. Research has shown that when vitamin C is combined with ammonia, it can prevent the breakdown of collagen, which contributes to joint pain and other health problems. Aronia can also provide a great source of vitamin A. Vitamin A is believed to contribute to healthy skin, hair, and gums.
Aronia berries also contain minerals such as potassium, manganese, calcium, and magnesium. These nutrients contribute to a healthy digestive system. Because of its potential health benefits, chokeberries are often used as an ingredient in dietary supplements. The fruits are also used to relieve diarrhea and vomiting in infants. Some studies have indicated that the berries can also relieve the symptoms of arthritis and chronic inflammation.
In many ways, the berries are like blueberries, raspberries, cranberries, and strawberries. However, unlike most berries, Aronia contains primarily phytochemicals. These chemicals offer a variety of health benefits. Phytochemicals may contribute to the prevention of cancer and to the treatment of heart disease. Several of these compounds help protect the body from potentially harmful molecules called free radicals. Free radicals are believed to be one of the causes of aging.
In order to discover how the berries can provide impressive health benefits, scientists conducted test-tube studies. This type of research is more commonly known as animal research. The findings of this study showed that the berries can reduce the growth of certain tumors. The test-tube studies were performed on cells from human stomach, liver, pancreas, kidney, and esophagus. The results of the test-tube studies showed that the berries can decrease the growth of cancer cells, while it did not affect the pancreatic cancer cells.
According to medical professionals, there are some recommended servings of Aronia per day. These include a half cup of the berries in a salad, which is an excellent source of antioxidants. You can also take half a cup of the extract daily (two servings) for better overall health. Since the berries come in a purple color, which is very appealing, the serving of the extract should be taken with some lettuce and tomato. Although this delicious fruit extract may not have many impressive health benefits, its taste makes a perfect combination with some vegetables.
According to another recent medical study, there are also some conditions included in the study which may benefit heart health. Among these conditions include congestive heart failure, cardiac failure, heartburn, and liver failure. While it may not be considered a wonder food, the news about Aronia may benefit heart health, especially if you add it to your daily diet. Although the news about Aronia may help people who have high cholesterol conditions, its antioxidant and blood vessel strengthening properties may also be beneficial to heart health.